David is mentioned nearly sixty times in the New Testament, and of that number, seven references are of prophetic interest. They are the following:
|Matt. 1:1 “Jesus” Son of David. Emmanuel God with us.
|Luke 1:32 The Throne of His father David
|Acts 13:34 The sure mercies of David. Resurrection
|Acts 15:16 I will build again the Tabernacle of David
|2 Tim. 2:8 Raised from the dead… the seed of David
|Rev. 5:5 The Lion of the tribe fo Judah, the Root of David
|Rev. 22:16 “I Jesus” the Root and the Offspring of David
With David, we most surely see both in the kingdom of Saul, David, and Solomon, a foreshadowing of things to come. Saul was the people’s choice, and by their choice of Saul, the at the same time rejected the Lord (1 Sam. 8:4-9), although humanly speaking the failure of Samuel to train his sons was the contributary cause, so frail, so failing is every human instrument. Saul, though head and shoulders above his fellows, began in commendable modesty: “Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least…?” (1 Sam. 9:21). After his anoiting the Spirit of the Lord came upon Saul adn he prophesied (1 Sam. 10:6), nevertheless in spite of this seeming good beginning, and before Saul manifested the other side of his nature, Samuel called the people together at Mizpeh, and again told them that by their desire for a king they were rejecting the Lord. Nevertheless Saul was chosen. His reign was him persecuting David, and ended ultimately in his seeking the witch of Endor and his tragic death as a consequence (1 Chron. 10:4 and particularly verses 13 and 14).
The Lord, Who knew the hearts of all men, even in the second year of Saul’s reign, told Saul through Samuel that his kingdom would not continue, but that He had already sought Him a man after his own heart (1 Sam. 13:13,14), and presently after further manifistations of the degeneracy of Saul, sent Samuel to Jesse at Bethlehem were David the youngest of the family was anointed “and the spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward” (1 Sam. 16:12,13)
Before David came to the throne, and while he was yet a “stripling”, he enacted a forecast of the triumph of his greater Son. Goliath, the giant with his armour of brass and iron, went down before young David armed with only a sling and a smooth stone out of the brook. Here he foreshadowed the same prophetic scene that formed the image of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. There, the Colussus symbolizing Gentile dominion is struck by “a Stone cut out without hands” (Daniel 2).